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Bylaws and Policies

A municipality has a general power to pass any bylaws for the purposes of the municipality that it considers expedient in relation to the following matters respecting the municipality:

(a) the peace, order, and good government of the municipality;

(b) the safety, health, and welfare of people and the protection of people and property;

(c) people, activities, and things in, on, or near a public place or place that is open to the public;

(d) nuisances, including property, activities, or things that affect the amenity of a neighborhood;

(e) transport and transportation systems, including carriers of persons or goods;

(f) subject to The Traffic Safety Act, the use of vehicles, and the regulation of pedestrians;

(g) streets and roads, including temporary and permanent openings and closings;

(h) businesses, business activities, and persons engaged in business;

(i) services provided by or on behalf of the municipality, including establishing fees for providing those services;

(j) public utilities;

(k) wild and domestic animals and activities in relation to them;

(l) the abandonment, discontinuance, dismantling, removal or

decommissioning of any use, building, or other structure, including former railway lines, and the reclamation of the land on which the use, building, or other structure is located.

Furthermore, a municipality has the power to make bylaws respecting the enforcement of bylaws, including any or all of the following:

(a) creating offences, including continuing offences;

(b) for each offence committed by an individual, imposing a fine not exceeding $10,000 or providing for imprisonment for not more than one year, or both;

(c) for each offence committed by a corporation, imposing a fine not exceeding $25,000 or providing that the directors or officers of the corporation who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of

the offence is guilty of the offence and liable on summary conviction to the penalties mentioned in clause (b) in the case of individuals, whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted, or both;

(d) for each continuing offence, imposing a maximum daily fine, the total accumulation of which is not limited by the maximum fines set out in clauses (b) and (c);

(e) providing for the imposition of a penalty for an offence that is in addition to a fine or imprisonment so long as the penalty relates to a fee, cost, rate, toll or charge that is associated with the conduct that gives rise to the offence;

(f) providing that a specified penalty is reduced by a specified amount if the penalty is paid within a specified time;

(g) providing for imprisonment for not more than one year for non-payment of a fine or penalty;

(h) providing that a person who contravenes a bylaw may pay an amount established by bylaw and that, if the amount is paid, the person will not be prosecuted for the contravention;

(i) providing for inspections to determine if bylaws are being complied with;

(j) remedying contraventions of bylaws, including providing for moving, seizing, impounding, immobilizing, selling, destroying or otherwise dealing with or disposing of any type of real or personal property, including animals;

(k) subject to section 371.1, providing for the seizing, impounding, immobilizing, selling or otherwise dealing with or disposing of vehicles to enforce and collect:

(i) fines for parking offences, including any charge the municipality may impose for late payment of fines; and

(ii) costs incurred by the municipality in enforcing and collecting fines for parking offences.

(l) requiring dispute resolution or mediation before:

(i) an owner or occupant appeals an order to remedy bylaw contraventions; or

(ii) the municipality remedies contraventions of bylaws;

(m) providing for the sending of notices of contravention of bylaws, including parking offences, by ordinary mail, email or other means and determining the address to which notices are sent.